They measure from 47 to 125 cm and weigh from 8 to 9 kg. Lemming, Northern Bog This herbivore eats grasses, weeds, grains, seeds, bark, roots, and fruits. Northern short-tailed shrews live in many habitats, including grasslands and deciduous and coniferous forests, with an expected lifespan of 1 to 3 years. Mammals Scientists have organized mammals into orders based on their characteristics and their structures.Scientists are still trying to figure out how some mammals are related. It is bounded to the north by Canada, to the east by Maine and the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by Massachusetts, and to … One of the relatively common New Forest small mammals but rarely seen during daylight hours. Their habitat is mainly grasslands. The house mouse is a secretive and cautious mouse that is sometimes domesticated. It measures from 23 to 35 cm and weighs from 85 to 267 g. This carnivore can attack animals that are twice its height. The northern bog lemming is one of Maine’s rarest mammals, and much like the Canada lynx, it is more numerous in the north and reaches the southern edge of its range here in Maine. A total of 458 individual marine mammals were represented in the dataset across 4 U.S. states, including Massachusetts (n = 228), Maine (n = 199), New Hampshire (n = 10), and Rhode Island (n = 1). Sowerby’s beaked whale is a medium-sized whale with a body length between 13-18ft and weight between 1.1-1.4 tons. They usually feed on grass, fens, and leaves during the summer and turn to twigs and bark in the wintertime. Snowshoe hares, squirrels, mice, and shrews are numerous throughout most of the state. They live mainly on krill and copepods. They are also called the bridled weasel or the big stoat. The big brown bat is a small, nocturnal flying mammal. Not only does Bryan share his knowledge and experience with our readers, but he also serves as owner, editor, and publisher of North American Mammals. The state mammal of New Hampshire is the white-tailed deer. The harbor porpoise lives in the northern part of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans (and in both the East and the West coasts of the northern part of North America). Threatened in NH Endangered in NH Introduced This species usually ranges between 13 to 14.5 centimeters in length and weighs approximately 26 grams. New England Cottontail - Sylvilagus transitionalis, Deer Mouse - Peromyscus maniculatus SC, SGCN. They adapt their diet according to the season. Endangered wildlife are those native species whose prospects for survival in New Hampshire are in danger because of a loss or change in habitat, over-exploitation, predation, competition, disease, disturbance or contamination.Assistance is needed to ensure continued existence as a viable component of the state's wildlife community. American Marten - Martes americana There are 7 orders, 17 families, 40 genera, and 60 species represented among the mammals of New England. The Eastern gray squirrel is an adaptable animal that lives in the trees on the Eastern side of North America. They are black, dark-gray or brown and sometimes have a patch of gray behind the fin. Masked shrews live in grasslands, forests, riverbanks, lakeshores, and tundra in the northern part of North America. Birds. In an ongoing New Hampshire study, nearly 30 pine marten were live-trapped and tagged in the northeastern side of the state near the Maine border. I am a mammalogist and a keen birder and have been researching animals for over forty years. Northern Bog Lemming - Synaptomys borealis to get a hunting or fishing license? They usually live in cold, dense forests, with a lifespan of 15 years. Big Game: Black Bear Moose White-Tailed Deer. They measure from 40 to 70 cm and weigh from 5 to 26 kg. They are a herbivore, and they are often found climbing on trees to eat leaves. They also carry similar diseases to other rodents. Although commonly referred to as a rat,  muskrats are a different kind of rodent. Minke Whale - Balaenoptera acutorostrata, Star-nosed Mole - Condylura cristata They live in coniferous and deciduous forests, with a lifespan of about 16 to 17 months. Their lifespan is 6 to 12 years in the wild, hibernating in winter. Bobcats have an extraordinary night vision and can live in all types of habitats across the central section of North America. They measure from 1.95 to 2.3 m long and weigh from 170 to 310 kg. The Southern flying squirrel is a nocturnal mammal that glides from one tree to the next because of membranes it has between its front and hind legs. These rabbits live in forests with dense and thick brush, preferably of blueberries. Main objectives: To promote the conservation of all threatened mammals and their habitats in Hampshire. They live in most of North America. Cetaceans are the mammals most fully adapted to aquatic life with a spindle-shaped nearly hairless body, protected by a thick layer of blubber, and forelimbs and tail modified to provide propulsion underwater. They are considered pests by farmers. There were 10 endangered and threatened animal and plant species believed to or known to occur in New Hampshire as of July 2016. Their lifespan is 14 months. Compiled by the New Hampshire State Library, the Almanac brings you information about the people and places that make New Hampshire a great The Southern bog lemming is a small mammal from eastern North America. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'northamericannature_com-leader-4','ezslot_16',117,'0','0'])); This species usually lives in a group made up of a male and female and their offspring. This carnivore eats insect larvae, ants, grasshoppers, crickets, spiders, worms, snails, small rodents, and salamanders. The New Hampshire Bat Project. Fox, Red: Otter, River: Squirrel, Red: Bat, Little Brown. The long-tailed shrew is a small shrew measuring 48 to 79 mm. They have pointed, long wings, short ears and a long tail. They measure about 37 cm and weigh about 1.2 kg. Their color is gray, black or brown with the lighter underbody. T. Harbor seals are usually found in rocks, beaches, and glacier ice, rarely moving too far, but if there is a danger, they will rush to deeper water. N ope, we don’t have a lake monster (that’s Vermont) or Bigfoot (hmm, or DO we? You can help avoid disturbing nesting loons by keeping your distance from likely or known nest sites (marshy or boggy shores, river backwaters, small islands The state mammal of New Hampshire is the white-tailed deer. They live in streams and ponds, with a lifespan of about 18 months. They have a gray or blue-gray cape on the dorsal side, with stripes from the eye to the flipper along their sides. It measures from 9 to 10 cm (without the tail) and weighs from 20 to 30 g. This omnivore eats seeds, nuts, grain, insects, fungi, and fruit. The gray seal is a carnivore that eats fish, crabs, lobsters, shrimp, octopuses, squids, and seabirds. Nick Guadarrama scored 14 points as New Hampshire narrowly defeated Stony Brook 67-64 on Sunday to complete a weekend sweep of the Seawolves. They measure from 15 to 28 cm and weigh from 140 to 500 g. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'northamericannature_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_12',114,'0','0'])); The brown rat is an omnivore, eaing seeds, nuts, grains, fruits, eggs, birds, mice, small rabbits, fish, and insects. The head to body length is approximately 60-90 cm without counting the tail measuring around 14.5 up to 30 cm. eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'northamericannature_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_20',134,'0','0'])); The American black bear is a midsize mammal from North America. The Eastern cottontail is a solitary, mostly nocturnal rabbit that lives in the southeast of the United States, and parts of Central and South America. AK AL CO CT HI IA IL IN MA MD MI MN MO NC NH OH PA TN UT WI. The long-tailed weasel lives in grasslands and thin forests (sub-tropical areas with mild temperature) in the southern part of North America, in Central America, and the northern part of South America. The striped dolphin takes their name from the dark stripes that run down the sides of their bodies. They are an excellent swimmer and have a lifespan of 20 to 35 years. Their color changes throughout the year, from light brown in the summer to black in the winter. Their color is dark gray on top and a much whiter gray in the underbody. Much of the land in central and northern New Hampshire is now forested again resulting in the return of lynx, bear, moose, and more. This animal is known to act as if they are dead as protection against predators. The meadow jumping mouse is a species of the same family as the woodland jumping mouse, but they are more widespread. On the left is Gerald, one of my many animal friends. They have a single calf after a gestation period of 12-13 months. The table below lists the three endangered and threatened plant species believed to or known to occur in the state. Help people find the wildlife conflict prevention and control assistance they need. New Hampshire also recognizes a state animal. Mountains The White Mountains of New Hampshire include the great Mount Washington at 6288 feet (1917 m) – the tallest mountain in the Northeastern U.S. to start a business in New Hampshire? Status and range is taken from ICUN Redlist. The Northern bog lemming is a small-sized lemming, typical of the meadows of Canada, Alaska, northern Washington, and New England. The Northern long-eared myotis lives in boreal forests (Taiga) in the eastern, central part of North America. Their lifespan is 12 months. The harbor porpoise likes to swim in shallow bodies of water and even frequents inland water bodies, like rivers and estuaries. They live in wooded areas, where they can be found roosting in trees. The color varies from brown to black, and they have a white patch on the throat. The chipmunks underbody has a lighter brown color. If extirpated, coastal, introduced, and accidental species are included these numbers increase to 8 orders, 26 families, 67 genera, and 105 species. The long-tailed shrew weighs just 3.1 to 8.3 g.  They live in mountainous territories, around and under rocks or near streams. They measure about 9 cm, with a weight of just 5g. North American Nature may also participate in other affiliate programs. The white-beaked dolphin is very large for a species of dolphin. It flows for 406 miles across the states of They measure about 30 cm (including the tail) and weigh from 66 to 150 g. The Eastern chipmunk is an omnivore that eats acorns, insects, eggs, mushrooms, snails, nuts, fruits, seeds, berries, and corn. American Mink - Neovison vison, Humpback Whale - Megaptera novaeangliae Their average lifespan in the wild is about 20 years. The Northern flying squirrel lives in forests in the northern part of the continent with a lifespan of four years. Status taken from NH Fish and Game, Moose -Alces americanus Muskrat - Ondatra zibethicus The silver-haired bat is a nocturnal, solitary mammal from the central part of North America. This species of vole lives in coniferous, deciduous, and mixed forests near water bodies in southern Canada and the northern United States, with a short lifespan of just 10 to 20 months. It is estimated that their current population is 85% less than what it was in the 1960s, which made the species “protected” under the Endangered Species Act. The woodchuck, also known as the groundhog or the red monk, is typical of the eastern regions of the United States, Canada, and Alaska. The masked shrew, also known as the cinereus shrew, is a small, nocturnal, and solitary animal. The American pygmy shrew is an insectivore and will eat insects and larvae. They are prioritized as least concern by the IUCN. Their color is grayish-brown in the winter and reddish-brown in the summer. Their color is dark brown on the back and white on the underbody during the summer. There are three species of bear in North America. Furbearer/Predator: They measure from 75 to 120 cm and weigh from 2 to 6 kg. They live in the harbors of the Northern part of the world (and in both the east and west coasts of the northern part of North America). The Northern long-eared myotis is a bat in North America. The region includes the U.S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island. The Virginia opossum is the only marsupial found in North America, but they can also be found in Central America. Their colors vary from dark brown to black. NH's Wild and Weird Animals In honor of New Hampshire Fish and Game’s 150th anniversary, artist Marc Sutherland created amazing, detailed illustrations of some of NH’s common wildlife. New Hampshire is a state with many habitats: mountains, forests, wetlands, tidal habitats, coastal islands, and many lakes, rivers and ponds. They give birth to a single calf, after a gestation period of 11 months.eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'northamericannature_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_8',111,'0','0'])); The big brown bat is an insectivore that eats mostly beetles, but also consumes other flying insects like moths, flies, and wasps. Rock voles are medium-sized rodents and are also called yellow-nosed voles. They live mainly on squid, octopus and fish. Their feet prevent these rabbits from sinking in the snow when hopping and walking. Granite State: for our extensive granite formations and quarries Mother of Rivers: for the rivers of New England that originate in our Mountains White Mountain State: for the White Mountain Range Switzerland of America:for our beautiful mountain scenery eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'northamericannature_com-leader-2','ezslot_14',116,'0','0'])); A muskrats average measurements are about 40-70 cm in length, and they usually weigh around 0.6-2kg. As recently as 1960, New England cottontails were found east of the Hudson River in New York, across all of Connecticut, Rhode Island and Massachusetts, north to southern Vermont and New Hampshire… The Atlantic white-sided dolphin has a dark-gray stripe from the eye to the flipper, and a dark dorsal fin and flippers. True’s beaked whales are a medium-sized whale with a spindle-shaped body. It is about 1/8” (4-5mm) long, brown and tan, with an obvious mottled pattern of surface markings on the back (opposite the belly side). In North America, they live in most of Mexico and the United States and the southern parts of Canada. The star-nosed mole is a solitary mammal from eastern North America. The North American porcupine is also known as the common porcupine, and they are a rodent with black or brown fur with hairless feet to climb trees. They measure from 76 to 110 cm and weigh from 8 to 18 kg. Learn about New England mammals, including the American Bear, White-tailed Deer, Moose, Bobcat, Coyote, American Beaver, foxes, squirrels, bats, and more. This opportunistic omnivore eats fruits, plants, oak nuts, insects, worms, rodents frogs, nuts, eggs, and crayfish. New Hampshire, constituent state of the U.S. One of the original 13 states, it is located in New England at the northeastern corner of the country. It lives in grasslands, low moist places, deciduous and coniferous forests, wetlands, and marshes. The color varies from gray to grayish red, and the underbody is white. Their color varies from dark brown to black, with a lifespan of seven years in the wild and, in rare cases, up to 14 years in captivity. They measure about 16 cm and weigh about 140 g. This omnivore eats nuts, acorns, fruits, buds, fungi, insects, bird eggs, and lichens. A moose color ranges from light to dark brown. This print of a watercolor painting features the Land Mammals of New Hampshire as a field guide chart. They measure from 19-32 ft (5.8-9.8m) with a weight between 6.4-8.3 tons. Their color is dark brown, and they  measure from 74 to 90 cm, weighing from 11 to 32 kg. They measure from 83 to 121 cm and weigh from 14 to 37 g. This herbivore eats roots, nuts, seeds, and leaves, and lives in deciduous forests. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'northamericannature_com-leader-1','ezslot_11',112,'0','0'])); They measure from 11 to 13 cm, with a wingspan from 32 to 40 cm, and it weighs from 15 to 26 g. The species of bat lives in North America, Central America, the Caribbean and the northern portion of South America. The hairy-tailed mole lives in deciduous and coniferous forests, and open areas. The 10 Longest Rivers in New Hampshire Connecticut River - 407 Miles The Connecticut River is the longest in New Hampshire and the entire New England regions of the U.S. See what's new with book lending at the Internet Archive. Organization that helps coordinate volunteers in NH who monitor bat populations in the state, and provides information about bat species Gray Fox - Urocyon cinereoargenteus Least Concern Near Threatened Vulnerable Endangered Critically Endangered Extinct in the Wild Extinct They can be distinguished from the woodland jumping mouse because their tail does not have a white tip. It uses echolocation to navigate while flying. The hoary bat is a species of vesper bat found in most areas of North America and much of South America. The gray fox is a solitary canine that lives in the southern part of the United States, Mexico, Central America, and the northern parts of South America. Their color varies from gray to dark brown, with white on its underbody. May 31, 2018 - 13x19 art print by Kate Dolamore featuring the Land Mammals of New Hampshire as a field guide chart. All Mammal Symbols Nearly exterminated in New Hampshire during the 1970s and 1980s due to hunting and loss of habitat, the elusive bobcat is returning to the state; according to a University of New Hampshire survey, between 800 and 1,200 bobcats now live in the granite state . Raccoons live in forests, suburban, and urban areas in the Central and southern part of North America. Their flippers are mostly dark, with a brown or gray beak. Although there are not many mammals that can fly,... Hi, I’m Bryan, the one on the right. True’s beaked whale measures between 15.7-17.7 ft (4.8-5.4m) with a weight between 1.1-1.5 tons. The white-footed mouse is a timid, nocturnal mammal that lives in eastern North America. The white-beaked dolphins have white, black and gray marking, with their tail usually paler. Their face, ears, and wings are black, and the rest of the body is grayish brown. Quebec, Ontario and a bit of New Hampshire, 2013: Vladimir Dinets, 1 week & 26 species including Star-nosed Mole, Red (Algonquin) … #87's New Year's resolutions are a bit opposite from most of ours-gain lots of weight, increase fat reserves, and spend more time at home (in the ocean!). They are gray to black in color. American red squirrels measure from 28 to 35 cm (including the tail) and weighs from 200 to 282 g. This granivore animal eats mostly sunflower seeds and all types of nuts. SGCN. Marine Mammals Dive Volunteer Marine Mammals Volunteer Quincy Aquarist Volunteer Aquarist Volunteer Galleries Dive Volunteer Penguin Colony Volunteer Animal Health Volunteer Openings Water Quality Volunteer, Boston White-footed Mouse - Peromyscus leucopus Odocoileus virginianusdorsal coloration differs in shading locally, seasonally, and among subspecies; however in general it is grayer in the winter and redder in the summer. The word "entire" after a name indicates that the species occurs throughout the state. It measures from 13 to 15 cm and weighs about 51 g. This insectivore eats worms, larvae, slugs, and ants. They can jump as high as 3 meters (or 9.8 feet) by leveraging their strong feet and long tail. The largest hawks in New Hampshire are the Rough-legged Hawk and the smallest hawks in New Hampshire are the Sharp-shinned Hawk.. Their color ranges from dark brown to black. An illustration of a magnifying glass. to find a criminal background request form? The woodland jumping mouse is a medium-sized rodent with females being slightly larger than males. They have a forehead that is squared off behind the beak, which is tubelike. Partnership Stories in New Hampshire New England Cottontail As recently as 1960, New England cottontails were found east of the Hudson River in New York, across all of Connecticut, Rhode Island and Massachusetts, north to southern Vermont and New Hampshire, and into southern Maine. The hoary bat is the largest in Canada. Their color is reddish-brown with two white stripes surrounded by black stripes on the side of its back and head, with a fifth black stripe running across the center of its back. The meadow vole is a small, mostly nocturnal rodent. Amphibians. Their color is reddish-brown, with a dark, broad mark on its back and white on the underbody. Meadow voles live in dense grasslands and thin forests in the northern part of North America (except for the most intense polar regions). The brown rat is a rodent that lives all over the world. This is due to their tight social bonds which means that if one whale is forced close to shore, the others will follow. The American red squirrel is a small, solitary, and diurnal animal of North America. Their lifespan is 25 to 35 years. [4] Bats, woodchucks, chipmunks and jumping mice go into a deep sleep, or hibernation. Harbor seals measure 1.85 m and weigh from 55 to 168 kg. It lives in wet lowland areas, forests, and marshes. New Hampshire also recognizes a state animal. The Canadian lynx is a diurnal and solitary wildcat. White Mountains, 2018: Venkat Sankar, 1 day & 5 species including Woodland Jumping Mice, Snowshoe Hares and a Long-tailed Weasel. The bobcat is a carnivore and eats raccoons, squirrels, rodents, rabbits, birds, reptiles, skunks, and sometimes even deer. For everyone who lives or spends time in Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, or Vermont, there can be no finer guide to the area's natural surroundings than the National Audubon Society Field Their color is brownish gray with light or dark spots, and the color is lighter on the underbody. Identify Animal Tracks | Track Identification Chart Use our handy chart to identify animal tracks you see in the snow when you're out on your next nature walk. Usually, they prefer a quadrupedal walk to move around. Meadow jumping mice usually have a subdued color to them compared to the woodland jumping mouse. Muskrats make nests to protect themselves from the cold and predators, usually as burrows with an underwater entrance. The New Hampshire Almanac is a fun and informative site for students of all ages. Monotremes lay eggs and they have no teeth! The gray seal is a mammal that lives in huge groups on all the coasts of the North Atlantic Ocean. New Hampshire Status Key State Name Designated as Year Alabama West Indian Manatee, family Trichechidae, order Sirenia, species Trichechus manatus Official state marine mammal of Their colors vary from light tan to dark brown, with a lighter color on its underbody. The Northern short-tailed shrew is a mammal found in the northern parts of North America. The long-tailed weasel is a fearless, aggressive hunter. The mission of the Vermont Fish & Wildlife Department is the conservation of all species of fish, wildlife, and plants and their habitats for the people of Vermont. The fur of the muskrat is thick and short of a dark-brown color. In winter, their color changes to almost pure white. They have a very long migratory pattern. Hairy-tailed Mole Females can be up to 40% heavier than males. During the winter, the Indiana myotis hangs from a ceiling (clustered in groups) and hibernates. The color of the masked shrew is grayish-brown with a lighter grayish color in the underbody. Their average lifespan is 12 years, and they migrate to warmer climates in winter. They are an excellent swimmer and very good at digging holes. They are mainly nocturnal and usually feed on seeds, insects, and berries. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'northamericannature_com-narrow-sky-1','ezslot_21',121,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'northamericannature_com-narrow-sky-1','ezslot_22',121,'0','1'])); Chipmunks like to live in rocky areas, logs, and bushes in deciduous forests and urban parks. They can be found in St Lawrence River, the Gulf of St Lawrence and around Newfoundland. They can grow from 7.9-10.2 ft, weighing from 400-770 lb. Their lifespan is 16 years in the wild and 20 in captivity. Their lifespan is up to four years. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'northamericannature_com-mobile-leaderboard-2','ezslot_18',119,'0','0'])); They measure about 1.5 m (including the tail) and weigh from 6.8 to 21 kg. The North Atlantic right whale is very inquisitive and approaches boats. New England cottontail ( Sylvilagus transitionalis) 1 2 3 4 5 6 Previous Next Pause. Their color ranges from black to light brown with a lighter color on the underbody. The woodland vole is a mammal that lives in the eastern part of the United States. Hawks can see in ultraviolet, which helps them hunt down their prey. The striped skunk is a mostly nocturnal mammal found in the central part of North America. The house mouse tends to live in places where humans live. Big brown bats live in all types of habitats, with a lifespan ranging from 18 to 20 years. - Parascalops breweri, Snowshoe Hare- Lepus americanus Silver-haired bats uses echolocation when flying. Star-nosed moles have a lifespan of 2.5 years in captivity. They look like a big domestic cat with a bobbed tail. to obtain a certificate of good standing for my company? They feed mainly on squid and shoaling fish. They are an endangered species due to a sickness that is killing the species. C. F. Jackson; Notes on New Hampshire Mammals, Journal of Mammalogy, Volume 3, Issue 1, 1 February 1922, Pages 13–15, Their size makes it the second-largest rodent in North America. They live in forests in the southern part of Canada and the northern and western part of the United States. Their tail takes the total length to 120 mm. Their lifespan ranges from 10 to 12 years. They have a dark patch around each eye and a short beak. White fur is located i… The American pygmy shrew is a small mammal from the north of the continent. This site is owned and operated by North American Nature. This list of mammals of South Dakota includes species native to the U.S. state of South Dakota. This insectivore eats flies, moths, bees, wasps, midges, ants, mosquitoes, and beetles. Their lifespan is seven years. Their lifespan is 8 to 9 years in the wild and between 15 to 20 years in captivity. Their lifespan is a short three months. I hear the Canada Jays will eat food right out of your Their back has a scattered combination of light and dark gray, the sides are reddish-brown, and the underbody is white. It lives in warm, dry forests and semi-desert areas. The National Audubon Society Guide to Marine Mammals of the World describes in fascinating detail all 120 species of the world's whales, dolphins, porpoises, seals and sea lions, manatees, Marine and Sea Otters, and the Polar Bear. Fossilized brachiopods. The North Atlantic right whale is between 49-52 ft (15-16m), weighing between 34-78 tons. The little brown myotis measures from 8 to 9.5 cm and weighs from 5.5 to 12.5 g. This insectivore eats mosquitoes, moths, beetles, etc. Mammals of New England New England Mammals: Photos and information about mammals found in Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island. In winter, this bat hibernates in caves. The river otter is a smart, semiaquatic mammal, with short, very dense fur. Ermine live in taigas and tundras, with a lifespan of 4 to 6 years in the wild. There are species of mammals in New Hampshire, including bears, bats, rodents, whales and others. They are blue-gray, gray or dark brown with an underside that is lighter. They are also called the common shrew. Crustaceans. Their lifespan is 29 months. The harbor seal is a marine mammal, also known as the common seal. The most common hawk in New Hampshire is the Red-tailed Hawk.. Hawks are birds of prey and hunt and eat birds and small mammals as well as snakes and frogs. Their color is grayish brown, with a white underbody. This highly adaptable omnivore has an extremely varied diet, which includes: cactus fruits, flowers, insects, rodents, rabbits, birds, and reptiles. Shrimp, octopuses, squids, and leafhoppers with stripes from the woodland jumping mouse animal of North.. For up to 17 months the meadow vole ranges from reddish-brown to dark brown, and.. 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